Recently, new approaches have emerged such as the constructivist approach, that are as follows. One component of the "Contructivist" learning model stresses for one to allow for "individual difference," and "cultural diversity." This is in opposition to the "Transmission" model or "mastery skills model," (Au, 1993, p.48) (show overhead other side).
Between Instructional Models
actively construct their own understandings
proceeds from the whole to the part
is embedded in social contexts.
are encouraged to explore the
functions of literacy or the relationship of skills to these functions.
is student centered; individual differences are taken into account
emphasizes the processes of thinking; recognizes the place of students'
allows for cultural diversity.
1.Skills and knowledge can be transmitted or passively absorbed.
proceeds from the part to the whole.
is taught as skills in the abstract, without regard for social context.
or no emphasis is placed on the functions of literacy .
is skills-driven; little emphasis is given to individual or group
focuses on product; little recognition given to students' life experiences
and cultural schemata.
may reflect the values of the mainstream, to the exclusion of other
*Although the system has been slowly changing, we still have teachers that use one or the other or both. The interesting point is the idea that there is power in individual perception.