The viola da gamba in Seattle
The viola da gamba family of instruments developed parallel to the violin family of instruments for many years. It is a bowed string instrument played between the legs. These instruments differ from the violin family in several ways. They have six strings instead of four, frets, and are tuned in fourths instead of fifths. From the middle of the 18th century on the emergence of public concerts in larger halls, and a sound ideal that favored louder, higher strung instruments, changed the role of the viola da gamba into an instrument for amateurs rather than for professional use.
After more then a century of being relatively unknown, the viola da gamba emerged again in the 20th century. Today there is a national viola da gamba society in the
The Viola da Gamba Society of America will have their 45th annual conclave at the University of Puget Sound from July 22 to 29. Beginning classes on the viola da gamba are offered free to local residents. Information on the local viola da gamba chapter can be found at Pacific Northwest Viols.
The first Pan Pacific Gamba Gathering will take place during the summer of 2007 with the theme "The Viola da Gamba as a World Instrument".
The history of the viola da gamba in
Margriet Tindemans came to
Ms. Tindemans works closely with the Northwest Puppet Center, for whom she has arranged and directed The Dragon of Wantley, the Magic Flute, and Francesca Caccini's La Liberazione di Ruggiero. Next season she will direct a production of Don Giovanni for the Puppet Center.
Bacher, Joseph - The viola da gamba - (microfilm) 1972
Campbell, Margaret - Dolmetch: the man and his work. Seattle: University of Washington Press 1975
Crum, Alison - Play the viol: the complete guide to playing the treble, tenor, and bass viol. Oxford University Press 1989
Danoville - A'art de toucher le dessus et basse de viol - Geneve, Minkoff Reprint 1972
Dolmetsch, Arnold - The Interpretation of the music of the XVII and XVIII centuries revealed by contemporary evidence.
Dolmetsch, Mabel - Personal recollections of Arnold Dolmetsch. London, Routledge
Dolmetch, Nathalie - The viola da gamba; its origin and history, its technique and musical resources. New York, Hinrichsen Edition c 1962
Gerard, Yves - Notes sur la fabrication de la viole de gambe/ translated from the French (Microfilm).1977
Hayes, Gerald R.- The viols and other bowed instruments. New York, Broude Bros 1969
Lindley, Mark - Lutes, Viols, and Temperaments.Cambridge.Cambridge University Press. 1984.
Otterstedt, Annette - The viol: history of an instrument.? Kassel, Barenreiter 2002
?Woodfield, Ian - The early history of the viol. New York, Cambridge University Press 1975
Web page about Eva Heinitz - by the present owner of her viola da gamba. http://www.mdw.ac.at/I105/orpheon/Documents/evaheinitz.htm
Interview with Eva Heinitz - by Tim Janof, a former student of hers. http://www.cello.org/Newsletter/Articles/heinitz.htm
Interview with Margriet Tindemans -http://www.cello.org/Newsletter/Articles/tindemans.html
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Last modified: 6/06/2007 2:36 PM