Simple sentence

single independent clause


I ate lunch at the Burke Coffee Shop yesterday.


Compound sentence

two or more independent clauses

the two clauses may be joined by (a)a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, or, nor, but, yet, so, for) or by

(b) a semicolon and a conjunctive adverb (besides, likewise, moreover, furthermore, otherwise consequently, therefore, meanwhile, however, nevertheless, still, etc



Haakon likes Greek food, but Leif likes Indian food.

Thai food is delicious; however, some people think it is too spicy.

If I were you, I would talk to the student advisor.


Complex sentence

one independent clause and at least one dependent one. When the dep. cl. starts the sentence, it is generally followed by a comma

adverb clause (a)

noun clause (b)

adjective clause (c)



(a) Before Sigurd left for school, he put all his books into his rucksack.

(b) Could you tell me how many students attend this university?

(c) The student who won the scholarship is sitting in the front row.




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Copyright 1997