plot. In a narrative film, all the events that are directly presented to us, everything visibly and audibly present in the film before us. In narratology plot (also sometimes called discourse) is often distinguished from story as the viewer's imaginary construction of all the events in the narrative. From the standpoint of the storyteller, the filmmaker, the story is the sum total of all the events in the narrative. The storyteller can present some of these events directly (make them part of the plot), can hint at events that are not presented, and can simply ignore other events. In a sense, then, the filmmaker makes a story into a plot. From the audience's standpoint, things look different. All we have before us is the plot—the arrangement of material in the film as it stands. We create the story in our minds on the basis of cues in the plot. We also recognize when the plot presents nondiegetic material, such as mood music, or the narrator's commentary. (see: Bordwell/Thompson, 1997: 90ff; see also: diegesis;)