narratology. A term used since 1969 to denote the branch of literary study devoted to the analysis of narratives, and more specifically of forms of narration and varieties of narrator. Narratology as a modern theory is associated chiefly with European structuralism, althoughs older studies of narrative forms and devices, as far back as Aristotle's Poetics (4th century BC) can also be regarded as narratological works. Modern narratology may be dated from Vladimir Propp's Morphology of the Folktale ( 1928), with its theory of narrative functions.